The history of the shoes with high heels. Part 2

Image: © libertad / Fotolia

For a certain period of time, only the wealthy were able to afford the high heels. Even in 1700, Louis XIV (King of France) decided to put high heels that have decorative ornaments depicting battle scenes. Madame de Pompadour actually was the one that helped popularize this type of shoes, therefore the high heels were often referred to as “Louis” or “Pompadour” heels.

Shortly after the French Revolution, when Napoleon came to power (18-19 century), this footwear were strictly prohibited. The high current expressed class, luxury and wealth, and Napoleon wanted everyone to be equal. After all this was exactly the idea of the revolution – to forget aristocratic hierarchy and everyone in society to be equal.

During the same period high heels were quite scandalous and in America. The Massachusetts Colony claimed that women wear them to deceive and capture men and every one caught with high heels was declared a witch. The British Parliament treated heels in the same way and even compared them to the hooves of the devil.

Only in the 20s of the 20th century high heels gradually began to regain their former glory. 30s and 40s in turn were slightly harder. High heels evolved in lower and broader options. Hollywood did give impetus of fashion as the actresses wore shiny and sparkly high heels.

The fifties of the 20th century witnessed the revival of these shoes. The famous designer Christian Dior, in collaboration with Roger Vivier invented shoes with a sharp current called “stiletto”, which translated from Italian means “dagger with a thin blade.”

Shortly after the invention of short skirts, high-heeled boots came into the world to fill the gap in the excessively bare legs.

The newly established feminist movement several years later changed the perceptions of the high-heeled shoes. According to them, the high current was an evil invention of men and women who wear it were seen as sexual objects.

This theory lost its power and followers during the 80 years, when the designer Manolo Blahnik again returned the shoes with high heels on the catwalk. Since then, things have not undergone significant changes.


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